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A pelham is a bit with curb chain and shanks, which provides pressure behind the ears and has a leverage effect.
The strength of the impact is determined by the mouthpiece type, length of the shanks and the curb chain.


A pelham is a bit with a curb chain and shanks, which exerts pressure behind the ears and creates a leverage effect. A pelham with short shanks is also called a baby pelham, and a pelham with long shanks is a regular pelham. The length of the shanks and the curb chain determine the strength of the action; the longer the shanks, the sharper the action.

The pelham bit combines the functions of a regular snaffle and a curb bit. A pelham can be used with two reins, one rein attached to the upper ring for a gentle contact, and the other rein to the lower ring for the leverage effect of the pelham. One can also use a converter (pelham strap/bridge) to use a single rein, which is attached to it. By using a pelham, it is easier to set a horse deeper and is often used with stronger horses. The pelham is not suitable for inexperienced riders or horses as this bit can exert considerable pressure.

The pelham is commonly used in sports by professionals. It is a sidepiece that should be used with care. The bit has a leverage effect, making it only suitable for horses that are strong in the hand. The horse should have a stable foundation before being ridden with a pelham. At HorseOnline, you can test the bit before purchasing. A pelham is FEI-approved, but can only be used for the discipline of show jumping in competitions.


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